THE REASONS FOR INCREASING OF THE INDUSTRY
1. The geographical position of Ukraine is favorable for the implementation of projects for the production of solar and wind energy.
2. According to the report of the National Energy Regulatory Commission, Housing and Public Utilities (NCER), in 2018 in Ukraine, 742.5 MW of new renewable energy facilities were installed, which is 2.8 times more than in 2017.
3. The total capacity of renewable energy facilities reached 2,117 GW.
4. The average unit capacity of facilities launched in 2018 was 3 MW.
5. About 96% of all facilities launched in 2018 are wind power and solar power.
6. The capacity of solar power plants doubled in a year (from 740 MW to 1,388 GW), and the capacity of wind farms increased by 12.5% (from 465 MW to 533 MW). The biomass plants have grown from 39 up to 51 MW, and biogas from to 46 MW.
The largest number of green facilities launched in the Kherson region (227.2 MW), in the Lviv region (117.4 MW), in Zaporizhia, Khmelnytsky, Dnipropetrovsk, Nikolaev and Kirovograd regions (40-60 MW).
7. At the end of 2018, more than 7,500 households throughout Ukraine installed solar panels on their yards or roofs. This is almost two and a half times more than in 2017!
8. Ukraine joined IRENA, as well as the European Energy Community, and committed to increasing the share of renewable energy sources in the country's energy balance to 11% by 2020 in accordance with Directive 2009/28/ EU.
9. Ukraine adopted the National Action Plan for Renewable Energy Sources, which aims to promote the development of the introduction of renewable energy sources by:
· - established under the law on the green tariff rate in the amount of 0.153 Euro per 1 kWh, as one of the highest green tariff in Europe;
· - tax exemptions from corporate income tax, the main activity of which is the production of electricity from renewable sources;
· - reducing the land tax for enterprises that use renewable energy;
· - tax exemption on value added tax (VAT), operations for the import of certain types of equipment for renewable energy in Ukraine;
· - exemption from import duties on import of certain types of equipment and materials for renewable energy in Ukraine.
10. Ukraine has a state program of support for projects in the field of renewable energy sources, which provides for the return of up to 35% of the loan amount for the purchase of energy-efficient equipment and materials, as well as the European Bank's lending program for Reconstruction and Development, projects in the field of renewable energy (up to 30% of total amount with a budget of up to 300 million euros).
11. According to INOGATE (the international energy cooperation program between the European Union and Ukraine, as well as other Central and Eastern European Countries), Ukraine has great potential in the field of energy efficiency, as its “energy intensity” is excessively high. The energy saving potential is determined almost in 50% of the volume of used fuel and energy resources.
12. Ukraine has significant geothermal resources that can be used mainly for heat supply. There are also prospects for creating a binary geothermal power plant based on existing wells in abandoned oil and gas fields. Currently, thermal water is used for communal heat supply and agriculture.
13. The expected total potential of the Ukrainian hydropower industry is about 20 billion KWh of electricity per year. For one small hydropower plant, the estimated potential is about 2500 million kWh, of which only 170 million kWh is currently used.
14. Ukraine has a scientific basis for the introduction of hydrogen technologies. The target comprehensive program of fundamental research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine “Hydrogen in alternative energy and the latest technologies” has been in force since 2011. The total number of projects of this program is 43, which carry out 17 institutes of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.